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Historical vaccine development and introduction of vaccines in the UK Historical vaccine development and introduction of vaccines in the UK

Timeline published by the British Government on the 11 August 2015 to show historical vaccine development and introduction of vaccines in the UK.

 

Credit: Public Health England, 11th August 2015, 

Ivory points for Vaccination.Ivory points for Vaccination.

Ivory points were used to give smallpox vaccinations by rubbing, scratching or inserting the vaccine into the skin, using a lancet. These points were covered with calf lymph which carried the disease cowpox, a milder form of smallpox. An attack gives immunity to smallpox. Ivory was a useful material as the points could be used to transport vaccines over long distances. The points are just 24 mm long.

Credit Science Museum, London, Wellcome Images, L0057260.

 

 

CamoquinCamoquin

 

‘Camoquin’ is a brand name for an anti-malaria drug called Amodiaquine. The label on the bottle claims that this drug can prevent and treat all types of malaria. There has been some controversy over the use of this drug. During the 1980s a number of patients had severe side effects, such as toxic hepatitis, a condition which fatally lowers the body’s immune system. The drug is no longer prescribed.

maker: Parke, Davis & Company Limited

Place made: Hounslow, Greater London, England, United Kingdom

made: 1947-1960 

Credit Science Museum, London, Wellcome Images,  L0058545.

Seron (Rawhide Bag)Seron (Rawhide Bag)

Known as a seron in its native Peru, South America, this rawhide bag was used to store and carry cinchona bark. For centuries, local people had chewed or ground up the bark as a treatment for fevers and malaria. As the European powers began to expand both their trade routes and empires, cinchona became a highly important commodity. In the early 1800s, quinine, the primary anti-malarial component of cinchona, was first isolated, allowing the production of more effective drugs to combat the disease.

The bag was originally collected by the expedition of Hipolito Ruiz Lopez and Antonio Pavon y Jimienz, which was sent to Peru in 1777 by the Spanish monarch Charles III to explore the region. 

The bag was later presented to the Wellcome collections by Alfonso XIII, King of Spain (1886-1941), in 1930.

maker: Unknown maker

Place made: Peru made: 1777-1785

 
Credit Science Museum, London, Wellcome Images  L0058857

 

 

 

 

Anti-malarial pillsAnti-malarial pills

These anti-malarial pills were used by travellers or people living in areas where malaria was common. The pills contain quinine, a bitter tasting part of the bark of a cinchona tree, originally from South America but also cultivated in South Asia. From the early 1800s, quinine was used as a remedy against malaria. It was added to tonic water so the remedy was easier to swallow and today is still present in tonic water. It is still used to a limited degree as a medicine.

 
Credit Science Museum, London, Wellcome Images,  L0060511 
 Edward Jenner, vaccinating his young child, Edward Jenner, vaccinating his young child,

 Edward Jenner, vaccinating his young child, held by Mrs Jenner; a maid rolls up her sleeve, a man stands outside holding a cow. Coloured engraving by C. Manigaud after E Hamman.

Credit: Wellcome Library London L0015950

Watercolour drawings of the left arm showing smallpox inoculationWatercolour drawings of the left arm showing smallpox inoculation

Watercolour drawings of the left arm showing smallpox inoculation (variolation) on verso and cowpox inoculation (vaccination) on recto. 14th day smallpox and cowpox.

Credit: Wellcome Library London L0015959

Broad Street PumpBroad Street Pump

Broad Street (latterly Broadwick Street), Soho, with a white silhouette replica of the Broad Street pump identifed by John Snow as a source of cholera-infected water.

Credit: Wellcome Library London L0028567

Children drinking and washing in a muddy river in TanzaniaChildren drinking and washing in a muddy river in Tanzania

Photograph showing children drinking and washing in a muddy river at the Masai village of Rosalin in the Hai District of Tanzania. 2006

Credit: Wellcome Library London: C0033019

NHS centre 2007NHS centre 2007

An NHS Walk-in Centre in Soho, London in 2007.

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images N0032683

Pneumoconiosois X-rayPneumoconiosois X-ray

X-ray of slate pneumoconiosis sufferer's lungs. Taken in 1931.

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images L0029726

Industrial Health Education PosterIndustrial Health Education Poster

A boy being introduced to safe industrial practices by an older man wearing a cloth cap. This poster was issued jointly by the National Safety First Association and the Industrial Welfare Society.

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images L0026446

Industrial Injuries PosterIndustrial Injuries Poster

The hand of a factory worker clutching his foot because he has knocked it against a heavy cogwheel lying on the ground.

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images L0026439

Industrial Injuries PosterIndustrial Injuries Poster

A man with an injured back after lifting a crate of heavy metal bolts; with diagrams of the approved and disapproved methods of lifting.

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images L0026411

Malaria Education Unit, GhanaMalaria Education Unit, Ghana

Healthcare workers giving a lecture on mosquitoes and malaria at Ho, a town in Southeast Ghana. Mid 20th century

Credit: Wellcome Library London
Wellcome Images W0010027

Malaria Control Unit in Bengal, 20th centuryMalaria Control Unit in Bengal, 20th century

District Office of the Medical Officer of the Malaria Control Unit located in a heath centre at Hoogly, in the state of West Bengal, India.

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
wellcome Images W0010434

Advertisement for Industrial Diseases RemediesAdvertisement for Industrial Diseases Remedies

A confrontation between two figures, representing industrial diseases being challenged by health gained from use of Morris Evans' remedies.

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images L0030555

Indian 'Bheestie'Indian 'Bheestie'

In the 18th and 19th centuries a 'Bheestie' was an Indian official who worked to 'supply water and drainage
for garrisons and towns.'

Credit: Wellcome Images L0022217

1960s clinic in Nigeria1960s clinic in Nigeria

An outdoor clinic, probably in Nigeria. Showing patients being treated by missionary Dr Stanley Brown. Dr Brown conducted research on leprosy and carried out tests on anti-leprosy drugs in Nigeria the 1960s.

Credit: Wellcome Images L0044613
 

Anti-cholera innoculation, Calcutta, 1898Anti-cholera innoculation, Calcutta, 1898

Photograph showing Waldemar Mordecai Wolffe Haffkine (1860-1930), Bacteriologist with the Government of India, inoculating a community against cholera in Calcutta, March 1894.

Credit: Wellcome Library London
Wellcome Images: L0037329

Indian Cholera Warning 1831Indian Cholera Warning 1831

Broadsheet warning about Indian cholera symptons and recommending remedies, issued in Clerkenwell, London, by Thos. Key and Geo. Tindall: Church wardens. London, 1831.

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images: L0000611

Cholera Prevention CostumeCholera Prevention Costume

A figure dressed in a cholera safety suit. Coloured etching. English, after a German or French original of 1832.

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images: L0010295
 

Cholera Medicine Chest post-1849Cholera Medicine Chest post-1849

English medicine chest, for cholera, after 1849.

Credit: Science Museum, London
Wellcome Images: L0057224
 

Glasgow Royal Infirmary WardGlasgow Royal Infirmary Ward

View of the interior of a ward off the Bellahouston theatre, Royal Glasgow Infirmary

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images: L0018637
 

Corpse Lifted from Wagon During 1832 Cholera OutbreakCorpse Lifted from Wagon During 1832 Cholera Outbreak

A corpse is lifted from the back of a wagon during the 1832 cholera epidemic. Coloured lithograph, c. 1832.

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images: V0011967
 

Glasgow Royal Infirmary 2Glasgow Royal Infirmary 2

Glasgow Royal Infirmary, 3/4 front

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images: M0006527
 

Glasgow Royal InfirmaryGlasgow Royal Infirmary

Demolition of New Surgical Hospital of 1861, Glasgow

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images: M0006520
 

Cholera Poster 1832Cholera Poster 1832

A 'Cholera patient': caricature of a cholera patient experimenting with remedies (Robert Cruickshank's random shots no. 2)

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images: L0003051

Health Lithograph 1832Health Lithograph 1832

A group of doctors parade a dummy with a skeleton's head representing cholera: a group of people run screaming from it. Coloured lithograph by H. Heath, 1832

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images: L0003053
 

Cholera Costume 1832Cholera Costume 1832

A woman extravagantly equipped to deal with the cholera epidemic of 1832; satirizing the abundance of dubious advice on how to combat cholera, 1832

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Wellcome Images: V0011935