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War and Medicine

28

 School engagement lesson focused on soldier's health and medicine in the 20th century

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20
Dr Linsey Robb on the civilian medical services in the Second World War

Dr Linsey Robb from the University of Strathclyde explains how civilian casualties were transported and treated in Britain during the Second World War.

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28
Dr Emma Newlands on World War Two

Dr Emma Newlands from the University of Strathclyde explains how wounded soldiers were evacuated and treated in theatres of war between 1939 and 1945.

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18

This film shows patients suffering from shell shock during the First World War at Netley military hospital in Southamptom. Shell shock was a term used to describe the reaction of soldiers to the trauma of battle and had a range of physical manifestations, including facial spasms, blindness, deafness and even paralysis. The film depicts men suffereng from these various symptoms and the efforts made by medical staff at the hospital to treat them, including rest, dietary regimes and occupational therapy.

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13

American public information film depicting how penicillin was mass produced in America during the Second World War. In 1941 the Rockerfeller Foundation in America arranged for scientists Dr Howard Florey and Dr Ernst Chain to come over to ask for help in developing large quanities of the drug. The American Office of Scientific Research and Development agreed to help and 39 seperate drug laboratories started work. This was successful and by D-Day in 1944 300 billion units of penicillin were available to the armed services crossing the channel.

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13

Video of a game show called 'The greatest science investigator of all time', in whcih famous scientists from history describe their life's work and explain why they deserve the title. On this show it's the turn of Sir Alexander Fleming, who describes how in 1928 he discovered penicillin which kills different bacteria responsible for serious human infections. Penicillon was later developed for the treatment of wounded soliders in World War II and helped save countless lives.

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13

World War II was a time when huge advances were made in medicine and these medical advances were a direct response to new weapons that had been developed between 1939 and 1945 and a natural advance in knowledge that would be expected as time progressed.

This website guides students through the medical problems created during the Second World War and the efforts that were made to overcome them, including the development of the antibiotic drug penicillin.

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13

Article by Michael Mosley on the impact of warfare on the development of modern medicine. This focuses specifically on a hospital at Camp Bastion in Afghanistan, a unit at the forefront of the development of trauma surgery. A video depicts the work of the British and American surgeons who work here and their efforts to treat battle casualties.

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13

A website created by the Science Museum in London which introduces students to the major themes of war and medicine such as the role of docros and other medical professionals in wartime, efforts to combat contagious diseases among military populations, and the destruction caused by new types of weapons. The website also charts the development of medicine in warfare from the First Wolrd War to Vietnam.

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13

A guide to the history of war and medicine created by the Wellcome Library, including videos, images and peronsal recollections.

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